Understanding an EPC

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EPC Example


An EPC is a document which details the energy efficiency of a property. To easily define houses there is a colour code system and they are all rated A-G. A being the most efficient and G being the least.

There are multiple sections of the EPC reports, it starts by detailing the overall energy efficiency. The next section goes through each element of the house and its relative efficiency. Each element of the property like the walls, roof and windows will be given a rating. The EPC then goes through the environmental impact of the property in terms of CO2 emissions.

The next section is one of the most important elements. This section advises you on improvements to the property you could make, estimated costs, how much it may save you and how it would improve the properties rating.

When do you need an EPC

When you put your home on the market for rent or sale an EPC is required within 7 days. If you are using a letting agent or estate agent, they are usually responsible for this. EPCs have been a legal requirement on house sales since 2008, if you fail to obtain an EPC you could face a fine of £5,000.

EPCs expire after 10 years and you will require a new one after this period if you are planning to sell or let the property.

EPCs and letting

In order to let a property in the UK the property must get a rating of an E or above. If your property ranks below this you must by law carry out the recommended works to a cost of up to £3,500. It is worth noting that the government plan to increase the minimum rating to C by 2030.

Where to find them

The government provides a database which is accessible to the public. This database has the EPCs for both residential and commercial properties. To go to the database click here.

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